Together with experienced photographers, we’ve put together the following tips for taking photos. In the follow-up posts you will additionally find many useful tips from her photography practice.
1 How to take a nice photo – for better photos go closer to the subject
Famous photojournalist Robert Capa, who once said: “If your photos aren’t pretty enough, you’re not close enough”. The closer you are to the subject, the better you can see the expression on their face. Allow the subject to relax, talk to them and ask questions. This will give you a unique opportunity to take many more interesting and beautiful photographs. Be nice and patient, get to talking to him. By being kind and smiling at him you will open the door to more nice photos.
2 How to take photos – set a large aperture number to create an immersive sense of depth of space
Feeling a sense of depth of space when photographing landscapes will help you make the viewer feel like they’re right there. You can achieve a sense of depth of space by using a wide-angle lens and setting the aperture to a large f/16. A figure placed in the foreground will help the viewer to create scale, emphasising the distances in space. The large aperture number requires you to set a slower shutter speed, so use a tripod.
3 In your photos offer viewers a different perspective
How do you take pictures? You probably take the camera, put it up to your eyes and take the picture, or not? That’s fine, but you’ll probably find that after a while, all your photos look the same. Why? Because you’re still shooting from the same perspective and the same angle. Try to find a different angle of view of the scene in front of you when you’re shooting. By kneeling or standing on something, you create more variations of the view of what’s happening in front of your lens. For example, when taking photos of children, you can kneel or squat down to take photos at their eye level.
4 Photography tip – shoot wide-angle at close range
Yes, this photo composition is identical to a selfie taken with a mobile phone. In those, you are not photographed somewhere far away, you are not blending in with the background. So, when taking the photo, put the subject within reach of the camera lens. Setting the aperture number to f/2 will blur the background of the photo nicely. With an aperture of f/16, you get photos with a large depth of field. If possible, place the subject’s head in the sky.
5 Tip on how to shoot fireworks using the long exposure time setting
How do you photograph fireworks? Photographing fireworks is a big challenge, but it’s not impossible. When photographing fireworks, set your camera to manual mode and turn off the flash. A good default setting for shooting fireworks is: ISO100, f/11 and a time of ½ second. Use the remote shutter release and tripod to eliminate camera vibration. An illuminated night horizon is usually visible in photographs, so make sure you have the camera mounted horizontally on a tripod. A good way to photograph fireworks is to shoot them when they are spherical. As soon as the fireworks go off, press the shutter button and hold it until the fireworks go off. It’s a good idea to focus the distance while it’s still light out, so be there before the fireworks start.
6 When shooting sports with a telephoto lens, set the aperture to f/4
When photographing sports, use a lens with a focal length of 200 to 400 mm. An aperture value of f/4 allows you to separate the background of the photo from the subject.
7 Blurring or graininess of photos can be avoided by setting the ISO correctly
The ISO value expresses the degree to which the camera chip is sensitive to light. The higher the ISO value, the more sensitive the camera is to light. On a sunny day, set the ISO to 100 or 200. When shooting in twilight, increase the ISO value to 800, or perhaps better, 1600. Please remember that the highest ISO value visibly increases the digital noise in the photo. For even more information on how to properly combine aperture, ISO, and exposure time, see How to set up your camera and start taking nice photos.
8 How you can use the correct aperture setting when taking photos
The aperture value controls the depth of field of your photo. You can get a great depth of field by setting the aperture number f to a value greater than 11. You can use this greater depth of field when photographing groups of people, or if you want to take a photo with a background such as a distant castle. So by setting the aperture number to a value greater than 11, you are telling the camera that you want the background of the photo to be sharp as well. Want to know even more about setting the aperture? Read the article How to set the aperture.
9 Tip for shooting a portrait
When taking a portrait, set the aperture number f to the smallest possible value. If your lens allows, set f to 2 or less. This setting will give you a shallow depth of field, and the subject will be significantly separated from the background. Lenses with a minimum focal length of 50 mm are best suited for portrait photography. The optimum focal length for portraits is 80 mm with a lens aperture of f/1.8 or less. If possible, choose a simple background with neutral colors and simple patterns for your portrait shoot. The eyes will then focus on the center of the image when looking at such a photo. This rule is especially important if the subject is positioned off-centre in the image. Portraits taken in side light will create impressive reflections and shadows in the subject’s face. For more information on shooting portraits, see the following article How to Shoot Portraits So You Don’t Get Bored.
10 When shooting at night, experiment with shutter speed settings
You can create some interesting effects by experimenting with your shutter speed. Try setting the shutter speed to 4 seconds when shooting moving luminous objects at night. This setting will capture the subject along with several of its light trails. Use a tripod to prevent blurring due to shake. As you can see in the nighttime photo from the amusement park, the lights of the faster spinning carousel are completely blurred, while you can still make out the individual spokes of the wheel on the slower spinning carousel. Setting a faster shutter speed, such as 1/250th of a second, will freeze the motion and bring the spokes of both carousels into sharp focus.
11 Tips for shooting motion
There are two basic techniques you can use when photographing motion. In the first, watch the subject in the camera’s viewfinder and press the shutter button at the appropriate moment. The subject will be in focus and the background will be blurred due to camera movement. The recommended shutter speed is 1/50 s, if the subject is blurred, set a shorter shutter speed. In the latter case, keep the camera focused on one spot. Press the shutter button when the subject is in the right spot in the viewfinder. Keep the shutter speed set extremely fast, even at 1/1000 sec.
12 How to shoot starry skies
Set the time priority on your camera. Now set the longest possible exposure time – this can usually be set to 30 s. Place the camera on a tripod, point it at the night sky, press the shutter release and wait for the camera shutter to close. If the photo is dark, lower the aperture number. If the photo is bright, increase the aperture number, he wants to play with it. You can try taking flash photos the same way. Use a telephoto lens with a focal length of at least 400mm to take pictures of the planets and details on the moon. A tripod with the ability to automatically track objects in the sky is also important. You can find suitable objects for photography in the Meisser catalogue. Discover the magic of sky photography in How to photograph the stars and night sky
13 Tips for shooting in the dark and twilight
Turn off the flash and set the ISO sensitivity to the highest possible value. If the photo is blurry, try lowering the f-stop. If your photo is grainy, lower the ISO sensitivity value. But sometimes you just really can’t do it without a flash or any additional light.
14 How to adjust exposure correction
This correction tells the camera’s automatic camera to let more or less light onto its chip. If the correction is in the positive numbers, your photos will be lighter overall, and if in the negative numbers, darker overall. On cameras, the button to set this correction is marked with a ± symbol, and you’ll usually find it near the camera’s shutter release. To make the adjustment, hold down the ± button while turning the adjustment wheel left or right. The setting values can be read on the camera display or directly in the viewfinder. If you find the resulting photo too bright, set the EV to -0.7, and take another photo, it will definitely be darker.
If the people you’re photographing have sparkle and light in their eyes, you’re likely to get great photos. Don’t shoot with the light at your back, you’ll get boring photos. Using side or back light can make for much more interesting photos. The best times to shoot outdoors are golden hour and blue hour.
16 Always keep both eyes open when shooting through the viewfinder
This has two advantages. When taking a portrait, the subject will be in contact with you with at least one eye. For some, looking through the viewfinder of the camera alone can be uncomfortable. The second advantage is that you are watching the scene being photographed, making it easier to predict what will happen and where to point the camera lens.
17 Tip for shooting in backlight
Increase the EV to +0.3, which should make the dark photo lighter overall. If it’s still dark, set the EV to +0.7. Exposure correction can be set in both positive and negative values. If the subject is close to you, you can also try turning on the flash and backlighting with the light from your camera’s flash.
18 How to shoot silhouettes in backlight
Place your subject in a darker location – for example, under a treetop or bridge – and shoot against the setting sun. The figure should be a black silhouette with no detail. An aperture value of f/16 will help you render the rays of the setting sun in the photo.
19 Even during the day, use flash
The flash was originally designed and developed for daytime photography. If it is an exceptionally bright, sunny day, then the sun creates sharp contrasting shadows. You won’t have much success shooting then, but you can compensate for this by just turning on the flash. In the dark, the flash creates shadows in the background. When you shoot at close range, you get so-called “party photos”. Faces are overexposed and everything behind is in deep shadow. If you can on your camera, try raising the ISO to maybe the second highest setting and turning off the flash. Lowering the aperture number may also help. But this will also blur the background of the photo. For a birthday group photo, for example, this will cause those standing in the background to be slightly blurred.
20 Tip for better holiday photos
The repetitive format of photos gets boring after a while when viewing them. An album with photos of different formats, sizes and orientations will be more interesting. Changing the composition of individual photos or changing the depth of field of photos can also be interesting. Alternate genres and formats to add variety and variety to your photos. It doesn’t matter if you’re shooting portraits, landscapes or cityscapes.
21 Photography tips – how to make you smile and take a nice photo
Photos with a natural smile look more lively and also have a positive charge. There is an art to making a natural smile, just like setting up your camera correctly. Usually all you have to do is tell a short joke or play the mischief of tripping or falling, or even just pretend you forgot to take the lens cap off. Just don’t rush – sometimes it takes longer for the photographed to notice. How to make young children laugh? Often all you need to do is rattle a toy in the spot you want them to fix their eyes on. This will catch their attention for a few moments and they will look towards the moving toy.
22 There’s that light again!
If you’ve managed to master your camera, you’ll have noticed that it’s the light that makes all the difference in a photograph. You just can’t take interesting photographs with a splash of colour at midday. On the other hand, the morning sunlight can be used to shoot in the backlight, making your photo come alive with the morning and the sun. Surprisingly, you can take pictures with blue skies after sunset, practically an hour after the sun has set. We call this the blue hour.
You can get more interesting photographs if you place the subject in thirds, leaving more space in the direction of the subject’s movement or view.
One final photography tip: shoot, shoot, shoot. When you look at your photos, delete the ones you’re not happy with without much hesitation. So when you delete, delete. Deleting failed photos also gives you more time to think about what you could have done differently, so that next time you don’t have to consider that particular photo a failure.
Inspiration and ideas for shooting: how to make the most of your photos
Holding the camera correctly is really important, yet often underestimated. Holding the camera loosely can cause vibrations and various comical movements that contribute to blurry photos. For these reasons, it is important to hold the camera steady with both hands. The location of the controls on the camera body is consistent with this recommended holding position.
- 1 1 How to take a nice photo – for better photos go closer to the subject
- 2 2 How to take photos – set a large aperture number to create an immersive sense of depth of space
- 3 3 In your photos offer viewers a different perspective
- 4 4 Photography tip – shoot wide-angle at close range
- 5 5 Tip on how to shoot fireworks using the long exposure time setting
- 6 6 When shooting sports with a telephoto lens, set the aperture to f/4
- 7 7 Blurring or graininess of photos can be avoided by setting the ISO correctly
- 8 8 How you can use the correct aperture setting when taking photos
- 9 9 Tip for shooting a portrait
- 10 10 When shooting at night, experiment with shutter speed settings
- 11 11 Tips for shooting motion
- 12 12 How to shoot starry skies
- 13 13 Tips for shooting in the dark and twilight
- 14 14 How to adjust exposure correction
- 15 16 Always keep both eyes open when shooting through the viewfinder
- 16 17 Tip for shooting in backlight
- 17 18 How to shoot silhouettes in backlight
- 18 19 Even during the day, use flash
- 19 20 Tip for better holiday photos
- 20 21 Photography tips – how to make you smile and take a nice photo
- 21 22 There’s that light again!
- 22 Photographic composition
- 23 Inspiration and ideas for shooting: how to make the most of your photos